Evidence for Learning: Science in schools

Science in schools

Evidence on science from the Teaching & Learning Toolkit alongside other supporting resources. 

Achievement in science subjects is an essential foundation for many careers in science, technology, engineering, and maths (often abbreviated to STEM), and a host of other non-STEM related careers. There is strong evidence of a link between economic disadvantage and achievement in science, which in turn is a significant barrier to further participation in science subjects. If approaches can be identified which successfully boost achievement, this barrier can be reduced.

This page is an overview of current evidence on how to improve the teaching and learning of science. It draws on:

  • relevant topics from our Teaching & Learning Toolkit;
  • evidence from two reviews of effective approaches to improve achievement in science subjects.


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In November 2022, Evidence for Learning published a science Guidance Report aimed at secondary schools: Improving secondary science.

Improving primary science is scheduled for publication in 2023.

Guidance Report: Improving secondary science