Recommendation 1: Preconceptions
Build on the ideas that students bring to lessons.
Recommendation 2: Self-regulation
Help students direct their own learning.
Recommendation 3: Modelling
Use models to support understanding.
Recommendation 4: Memory
Support students to retain and retrieve knowledge.
Recommendation 5: Practical work
Use practical work purposefully and as part of a learning sequence.
Recommendation 6: Language of science
Develop scientific vocabulary and support students to read and write about science.
Recommendation 7: Feedback
Use structured feedback to move on students’ thinking.
Evidence for Learning has produced another Guidance Report Putting Evidence to Work: A School’s Guide to Implementation which can be used as a guide as you plan to implement changes in your school relating to improving science.
Implementation can be described as a series of stages relating to thinking about, preparing for, delivering, and sustaining change. The section ‘Acting on the evidence’ in the ‘Improving secondary science’ Guidance Report, suggests a range of strategies that you might find helpful in planning, structuring and delivering a whole‑school approach to science.
E4L thanks the Australian researchers and practitioners who provided input to and feedback on drafts of this Guidance Report.
We acknowledge the particular insights of Dr Seamus Delaney (Deakin University) and Michael Rosenbrock (Victorian school leader, STEM teacher and E4L consultant).
This Guidance Report and supporting materials are licensed under a Creative Commons licence as outlined below. Permission may be granted for derivatives, please contact Evidence for Learning for more information.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence.